History and Culture Courses

Winter 2019


American's Early Transportation Revolution, 1786-1838

Major topics covered in this program are: (1) From Indian trails to military roads and emigration routes. (2) The National Road. (3) Canals: Washington's Potomac; New York's Erie; the Pennsylvania Main Line System; Maryland's Chesapeake & Ohio. (4) Railroads: the Baltimore & Ohio and its several "firsts" in transportation history, including labor strife. (5) Steamboat development (6) How government influenced transportation improvements: The War of 1812 and Henry Clay's "American System". We'll also discuss construction techniques and inventors throughout the program. Emphasis will be upon the Middle Atlantic states and New York.

Fee: $97 Senior Adult Fee: $61 Materials Fee: $8

HCR-006-G | 01/22/19-02/12/19 | R. Swartz | Check WebAdvisor for course details and Register


The American West: the Plains, 1864-1890

Major topics covered in this program are: (1) Climate, topography, the 100th meridian, and the lessons of John Wesley Powell (2) Settlement and the prairier schooner (3) The demise of the buffalo and the rise of cattle (4) The influence of corporations: from railroads to cattle ranches (5) Indian wars and Custer: from Sand Creek and the Washita to little Bighorn and Wounded Knee.

Fee: $97 Senior Adult Fee: $61 Materials Fee: $8

HCR-007-M | 03/05/19-03/26/19 | R. Swartz | Check WebAdvisor for course details and Register


SERIES: Humor, Satire, and Social Cristism in the Classical Greek Theater

There may be no more entertaining way to visit Ancient Greece than through its plays in which the ancient playwrights portrayed the politics, people, and events of their time with humor, satire, and keen critical analysis. In this series of PowerPoint-illustrated presentations, Dr. Karen Gray draws on the works of dramatists from Aeschylus to Aristophanes to demonstrate the role of the theater as critic and commentator as well as compelling storyteller in the 4th and 5th Century BCE.

Fee: $91 Senior Adult Fee: $61 Materials Fee: $8

HCR-008-H | 02/27/19-05/22/19 | K. Gray | Check WebAdvisor for course details and Register


Murder and Justice in Aeschylus and Euripides

In the works of both Aeschylus and Euripedes the process of determining justice and carrying it out is presented in the story of Orestes who murdered his mother. Drawing on selected sections of the plays, Dr. Gray explores the developing Greek legal system around murder and the way the audience would have understood and related to what was happening on stage.

Fee: $27 Materials Fee: $8

HCR-009-H | 02/27/19-02/27/19 | K. Gray | Check WebAdvisor for course details and Register


Citizens, Exiles, and Foreigners on the Greek Stage

Citizenship in one's city-state had powerful significance to the ancient Greek, although many were excluded or lost their rights, and the status of such people was often a social and legal issue. In this class Dr. Gray explores a number of scenes in which someone's legal status was at issue or that reveal the tensions between the diverse groups in Greek society and how they played out.

Fee: $27 Materials Fee: $5

HCR-010-M | 03/27/19-03/27/19 | K. Gray | Check WebAdvisor for course details and Register


Winter Lunch and Learn I - Custer At the Little Bighorn

We'll discuss why the Battle of the Little Bighorn, June 25-26, 1876, was fought. We'll discover why Custer was defeated. Next, we'll discuss little-known facts about this battle, and how they are different from popular culture. Examples: (1) Sitting Bull did not fight during the two-day battle. (2) Custer was not wearing hair of golden locks. (3) Among the major reasons for western US cavalry casualties was from the trooper falling from his horse. We'll also discover Major Marcus Reno's (Custer's second-in-command) ties to the Cumberland Valley of PA and this region of Maryland. We'll discuss why the Battle of the Little Bighorn, June 25-26, 1876, was fought. We'll discover why Custer was defeated. Next, we'll discuss little-known facts about this battle, and how they are different from popular culture. Examples: (1) Sitting Bull did not fight during the two-day battle. (2) Custer was not wearing hair of golden locks. (3) Among the major reasons for western US cavalry casualties was from the trooper falling from his horse. We'll also discover Major Marcus Reno's (Custer's second-in-command) ties to the Cumberland Valley of PA and this region of Maryland.

Fee: $11 Registration Fee: $8

HCR-013-G | 01/08/19-01/08/19 | R. Swartz | Check WebAdvisor for course details and Register


The Campaigns of Napoleon

Considered one of the most brilliant military commanders in history, Napoleon Bonaparte envisioned a united Europe-under French control, of course. Some have compared Napoleon with Hitler, but the comparison is grossly unfair: while Napoleon did get carried away with conquest, he never attempted to exterminate an entire race of people. His wars, while costly, were at first an attempt to spread the ideals of the French Revolution to other lands. The Code Napoleon, the laws written and implemented by Bonaparte, are basically the laws in present-day France. Join Jeff Driscoll as he considers the many aspects of Napoleon Bonaparte, as well as his numerous military campaigns.

Fee: $87 Senior Adult Fee: $51 Registration Fee: $8

HCR-014-H | 02/28/19-03/28/19 | T. Driscoll | Check WebAdvisor for course details and Register


WWII Low Countries and France

On May 10, 1940, after a period called the "Phony War," Germany invaded the Low Countries of the Netherlands and Belgium, as well as France. The brilliant plan implemented by the Germans led to the "Miracle of Dunkirk," but also the fall of the Netherlands and Belgium, and eventually, the fall of France. Join Jeff Driscoll as he looks at those first crucial weeks of the war in western Europe.

Fee: $71 Senior Adult Fee: $51 Registration Fee: $8

HCR-015-G | 01/17/19-02/07/19 | T. Driscoll | Check WebAdvisor for course details and Register


Bison & Butterflies, Canyons & Geysers: A Tour of the Great American West

Touring the great American West is almost a part of the American Dream, yet time and distance often interfere with making such a journey. Come enjoy a feast of photographs including wildlife (large and small), flowers, scenery, and landscapes from the West, covering parts of Colorado, Utah, Wyoming, and South Dakota. And we'll have time to talk about how to take a great adventure of your own at an optional lunch nearby.

Fee: $11 Registration Fee: $8

HCR-017-H | 02/12/19-02/12/19 | C. Staff | Check WebAdvisor for course details and Register


Winter Lunch and Learn III - Poetry

For those who like poetry and those who don't, as well as those who sometimes wonder how poetry should be defined, this informal lunch-time discussion program led by Karen Gray is an opportunity to talk about poetry today-good, bad, and indifferent. Dr. Gray will provide an introduction and welcome a diversity of views. Participants are invited to bring brief examples of the kind of poetry they like-or dislike-most. Those interested in doing some reading before the session might look into Jeffrey Wainwright's book "Poetry: The Basics". Continue the discussion with Karen and your fellow classmates at an optional lunch nearby.

Fee: $11 Registration Fee: $8

HCR-018-M | 03/12/19-03/12/19 | K. Gray | Check WebAdvisor for course details and Register


Fall 2018


Democracy in America

Join us for an interactive lecture and discussion forum exploring aspects of democracy in contemporary American society. We'll examine Constitutional principles in the light of such issues as equality, diversity, immigration, terrorism, partisanship, political ideologies, education, science and critical thinking, health care, civic responsibility, and the future of American democracy. We will review the statistics, present a breadth of viewpoints, and discuss ways to educate the public about civic involvement.

Fee: $71 Senior Adult Fee: $41 Registration Fee: $8

DIS-603-D | 10/05/18-11/02/18 | J. Castillo | Check WebAdvisor for course details and Register


Benjamin Franklin: Soldier, Diplomat, Philosopher

Explore some of the lifetime achievements of Benjamin Franklin, from his contributions to U.S. colonial society, especially Philadelphia in the 18th century, to his diverse military roles in two Indian wars from 1754 ? 1764. You'll also learn about his diplomatic efforts during the American Revolution involving Canada, Great Britain, and France; his estranged relationship with his common-law wife, Deborah Reed; his contributions to the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution; and finally, his religious beliefs.

Fee: $97 Senior Adult Fee: $57 Registration Fee: $8

DIS-620-C | 09/11/18-10/02/18 | R. Swartz | Check WebAdvisor for course details and Register


How Constitutions Fail in Hellenistic Athens, the Roman Republic, and 18th C. Great Britian

Dr. Karen Gray explores constitutional and democratic failures in Hellenistic Athens, Republican Rome, and 18th Century Great Britain, drawing heavily on new scholarship. Each class includes an extensive PowerPoint presentation in the first two hours, with a ten minute break at midway, concluding with a half-hour discussion.

Fee: $71 Senior Adult Fee: $41 Registration Fee: $8

DIS-621-D | 10/17/18-12/05/18 | K. Gray | Check WebAdvisor for course details and Register


Greek Democracy in the Hellenistic Age

In the Greek Classical era the Greek city-states had often-uncodified constitutions and governments evolving with democratic characteristics. With Rome?s annexation of the Greek heartlands however, dramatic shifts took place and this lecture explores those changes and their implications for earlier Greek democratic developments.

Fee: $27 Registration Fee: $8

DIS-622-D | 10/17/18-10/17/18 | K. Gray | Check WebAdvisor for course details and Register


The Constitution of Rome and Collapse of The Republic

The uncodified Roman constitution and government that had evolved into the Roman Republic experienced stresses and challenges in 133 to 27 BCE, that would end in the collapse of the republic and emergence of Empirical Rome. This class explores that struggle and the opinions on both sides of its constitutional debates.

Fee: $27 Registration Fee: $8

DIS-624-E | 11/14/18-11/14/18 | K. Gray | Check WebAdvisor for course details and Register


The Constitution of Great Britain and The American Revolution

The revolt of the American colonies exemplified the deep challenges that enlightenment thinking posed to Britain?s evolving constitution and monarchial culture. In this class the state of constitutional development in Britain in the 18th century is explored in light of spreading popular ideas of democracy and individual freedoms.

Fee: $27 Registration Fee: $8

DIS-625-F | 12/05/18-12/05/18 | K. Gray | Check WebAdvisor for course details and Register


The Gilded Age, Social Darwinism, and Muckrackers, 1876-1912

Were economic leaders of the post-Civil War era "captains of industry" or "robber barons"" Explore the characteristics of the U.S. society in what Mark Twain named "The Gilded Age" and discuss major leaders of the time, such as Carnegie, Vanderbilt, Rockefeller, and Morgan. We'll discuss the characteristics and impact of Social Darwinism upon the Gilded Age and its origins in the writings of Charles Darwin. Next, we'll follow the reactions to economic conditions, including the rise of the "muckrakers." We'll discuss their writings and contributions to the Progressive Era and reasons for their demise by World War I.

Fee: $97 Senior Adult Fee: $57 Registration Fee: $8

DIS-626-D | 10/30/18-11/20/18 | R. Swartz | Check WebAdvisor for course details and Register


The Causes of the Second World War

The German invasion of Poland launched on September 1, 1939, was the official beginning of this terrible conflict, but the causes go way back, even into the 19th century. Join Jeff Driscoll as we look at the complex, yet fascinating history of what led the world into its most devastating conflict ever.

Fee: $91 Senior Adult Fee: $57 Registration Fee: $8

HCR-001-C | 09/27/18-10/25/18 | T. Driscoll | Check WebAdvisor for course details and Register


The National Road in Washington County

Journey through the history of the National Road in Washington County with your guide Roger Swartz. He?ll share the politics and purpose of the road, road-building characteristics and features of road travel in the 1800s, why it?s considered Maryland's "Bank Road,? and where you can spot the remaining historical markers. After the presentation, join Roger and your fellow classmates for an optional lunch nearby.

Fee: $11 Registration Fee: $8

HCR-002-D | 10/09/18-10/09/18 | R. Swartz | Check WebAdvisor for course details and Register


Hitler's Invasion of Poland

Germany's September 1, 1939, invasion of Poland marked the official beginning of World War II in Europe. Hitler had long had his eye on Germany's eastern neighbor, but the circumstances under which he felt justified to invade were much contrived. Join Jeff Driscoll as he looks at the background of this invasion, then the invasion itself, and the ramifications of that invasion in Europe.

Fee: $57 Senior Adult Fee: $31 Registration Fee: $8

HCR-004-E | 11/01/18-11/15/18 | T. Driscoll | Check WebAdvisor for course details and Register


The Maryland Campaign of the Civil War

There were a number of "turning points" during the Civil War, but many historians would argue that the September 1862 Maryland Campaign was the most significant. Within the span of just a few months, Robert E. Lee's Confederate Army of Northern Virginia had not only saved Richmond and defeated a larger Federal force at the Second Battle of Manassas, but now was poised to invade the North. Confederate independence seemed but one more battlefield victory away. So what went wrong? Did the discovery of Special Order 911 make the difference? What about Harpers Ferry? And was Union General George B. McClellan really so incompetent? Join Jeff Driscoll as he considers all of these questions, and sign up for a tour of Harpers Ferry, South Mountain, and Antietam on Saturday, September 22nd.

Fee: $31 Registration Fee: $8

HCR-005-C | 09/13/18-09/20/18 | T. Driscoll | Check WebAdvisor for course details and Register


Battlefields of Maryland Campaign Trip

Journey to the battlefields of the Maryland Campaign - South Mountain, Harpers Ferry, and Antietam - for a guided tour of the campaign's troop movements, military strategy, and key turning points. Registration includes transportation to and from all three battlefields from HCC's main campus. Lunch will be on your own in Harpers Ferry. Get the most out of the tour by first taking our two-part class titled The Maryland Campaign of the Civil War!

Fee: $61 Materials Fee: $10 Registration Fee: $8

TRP-003-C | 10/06/18-10/06/18 | T. Driscoll | Check WebAdvisor for course details and Register