History and Culture Courses

Summer 2017


Hypatia of Alexandria

One of the most remarkable women of the classical world, Hypatia was a mathematician, astronomer, teacher, and author who lived in Alexandria, Egypt, ca. 375 to 415 CE. Associated with Alexandria's great library and museum and the work of her father, the mathematician Theon, she lived at a time of growing tension between Christians and non-Christians that would culminate in her murder. In this lecture Dr. Gray discusses the life and times of Hypatia and the great city that was her home. The lecture from 9:30-11:30AM will be followed by a half-hour discussion period.

Fee: $22 Registration Fee: $8

DIS-113-L | 06/21/17-06/21/17 | K. Gray | Check WebAdvisor for course details and Register


The Era of Dependency

Dr. Gray draws on multiple Icelandic and Scandinavian sources to explore Icelandic life first under Norway's dominance, then as part of the Kalmar Union, and finally under Denmark, culminating in the darkest era of its history. This presentation is designed to help students grasp the vast diversity of Icelandic history and experience, and to help students fully appreciate the remarkable era that follows.

Fee: $22 Registration Fee: $8

DIS-547-J | 04/19/17-04/19/17 | K. Gray | Check WebAdvisor for course details and Register


Emergence of Modern Iceland

In this presentation Dr. Gray focuses on Iceland's astonishing climb from deep poverty into the successful nation that it is today. Emphasis is on its rich literary culture as exemplified by the fact that one in ten Icelanders will become published authors in their lifetime. In addition to excerpts from Nobel Laureate Halldór Laxness, Dr. Gray will provide a taste of the island's world-class mystery writers.

Fee: $22 Registration Fee: $8

DIS-548-K | 05/24/17-05/24/17 | K. Gray | Check WebAdvisor for course details and Register


The Continental Army in the American Revolution: A Social History

In this program, we'll emphasize the roles performed by women and Afro-Americans in the Continental Army. We'll also cover the changing demographics in the war: who enlisted; who was recruited, and why. We'll discover how the country's changing financial conditions and rules governing a soldier's conduct contributed to mutiny. Finally, we'll see how the army was an emerging force for nationalism in our country's history.

Fee: $83 Senior Adult Fee: $50 Materials Fee: $13 Registration Fee: $8

DIS-549-L | 06/13/17-07/11/17 | R. Swartz | Check WebAdvisor for course details and Register


The Creation of the Modern Supreme Court

In this program, we'll discover why and how the Supreme Court was created. We'll discover how the power of the court expanded in the 1790s. We'll learn why the court was and is considered "an active court." We'll review important cases and characteristics of the Court under four Chief Justices: John Jay; Oliver Ellsworth; John Marshall; and Roger Taney. Finally, we'll discover the myths and realities of the first ten amendments to the US Constitution (the "Bill of Rights").

Fee: $83 Senior Adult Fee: $50 Materials Fee: $13 Registration Fee: $8

DIS-552-K | 05/02/17-05/23/17 | R. Swartz | Check WebAdvisor for course details and Register


The Art, Culture, History, and Spirituality of the Lindisfarne

The Lindisfarne Gospels is a manuscript of the same class as the magnificent Irish Book of Kells. It is heavily illuminated in a unique style that combines Anglo-Saxon and Celtic themes and is named after the island that was home to the great Northumberland scriptorium at which the manuscript was made c. 720. In the 10th Century an Old English translation was written in above the original Latin text, providing an invaluable example of the vernacular language of the time and adding to the unique importance of this work. In this lecture Dr. Gray discusses the history of the manuscript and what we learn from it about the state of art, spirituality, and Anglo Saxon culture in the 7th and 8th centuries when Roman and Celtic Christianity were in competition in the region. Her PowerPoint presentation is filled with examples of the rich artistry in this remarkable hand-made book that is among the most decorated still existing today. Her lecture is followed by time for questions and discussion.

Fee: $22 Registration Fee: $8

DIS-343-A | 07/12/17-07/12/17 | K. Gray | Check WebAdvisor for course details and Register


The Book of Kells

One of the greatest works of medieval Celtic art, the Book of Kells is a splendidly decorated and illustrated manuscript created in about 800 in Ireland. Containing the four gospels of the Christian Bible, preceded by several texts and tables, it illustrates the highest level of calligraphy and illumination attained by the makers of Insular (medieval British) manuscripts. In this lecture Dr. Gray considers the historic and cultural context of the book as well as important facts about the source of its Latin text and the meaning of the symbols and images in its ornamentations. Her lecture is filled with illustrations from the manuscript and followed by time for questions and discussion.

Fee: $22 Registration Fee: $8

DIS-426-A | 07/19/17-07/19/17 | K. Gray | Check WebAdvisor for course details and Register


The Glory of Medieval Manuscripts Series: Their Making, the Lindisfarne Gospels, and Books of Kells

Anyone who has stood in front of an illuminated medieval manuscript will have been awed not only by its great beauty, but also at the craftsmanship that went into creating such a remarkable object. This series by Dr. Karen Gray is designed to help students understand medieval manuscripts and especially two of the most famous British (Insular) examples. Dr.Gray's PowerPoint presentations include slides with data, quotations, and many images. Her 2-hr. presentations, with a 10 minute break midway, are followed by a half-hour of discussion.

Fee: $70 Senior Adult Fee: $42 Registration Fee: $8

DIS-551-A | 07/05/17-07/19/17 | K. Gray | Check WebAdvisor for course details and Register


A History of Fashion: The Interweaving Of Clothing and Culture

Have you ever wondered how fashion and clothing evolved from animal skins to the styles and fabrics we see today? The fascinating history of clothing goes beyond the practical aspects of protecting ourselves from the elements. Intertwined with this history are clothing as a status symbol, early methods of espionage, the technology of textile production, global climate change, and how politics has influenced fashion. You will also explore the darker side of fashion from different eras and cultures, from foot binding and excessive corseting to the use of lead in cosmetics.

Fee: $91 Senior Adult Fee: $55 Registration Fee: $8

DIS-576-B | 08/15/17-10/03/17 | J. Remes | Check WebAdvisor for course details and Register


Fall 2017


Colonial Williamsburg History, 1705-1779

Williamsburg was the political, cultural, and educational center of the largest, most populous of the 13 original British colonies. In this program, you'll learn why Williamsburg replaced Jamestown as Virginia's colonial capital, and why Richmond replaced it as a state capital. We'll discuss Williamsburg's distinctions from northern colonial capitals in the 1700s and see how classical republicanism was imbued in its government and society. Finally, we'll discuss the relationships of the capital to major 18th century events, including the French & Indian War and the American Revolution, and founding fathers Washington and Jefferson. You can also sign up for our day trip to Colonial Williamsburg on November 29 to experience history first-hand! See page XX for more information.

Fee: $21 Registration Fee: $8

DIS-565-E | 11/28/17-11/28/17 | R. Swartz | Check WebAdvisor for course details and Register


Colonial Williamsburg History and Trip

Fee: $171 Senior Adult Fee: $117 Materials Fee: $20 Registration Fee: $8

DIS-566-E | 11/28/17-11/29/17 | D. Warrenfeltz/R. Swartz | Check WebAdvisor for course details and Register


Thinking About Morals: From Classical Greece to the 21st Century

Join instructor Karen Gray on a casual journey among diverse human efforts to define morality that includes selected Greek and Roman philosophers, medieval theologians, enlightenment thinkers, and modern moral experts. Your exploration of morality through the ages will culminate in an overview of key issues and authorities at the center of moral thinking today.

Fee: $91 Senior Adult Fee: $57 Registration Fee: $8

DIS-568-C | 09/20/17-12/06/17 | K. Gray | Check WebAdvisor for course details and Register


Moral Philosophy of the Ancient Greeks

Explore the moral thinking of philosophers such as Aristotle in Greece and major schools of moral philosophy such as the stoics and epicureans.

Fee: $27 Registration Fee: $8

DIS-569-C | 09/20/17-09/20/17 | K. Gray | Check WebAdvisor for course details and Register


Jewish and Christian Moral Philosophy Of the Middle Ages

Dr. Gray will discuss Jewish and Christian moral philosophy as it evolved in the Middle Ages with attention to its expression in early medieval monasticism and later medieval scholasticism.

Fee: $27 Registration Fee: $8

DIS-570-D | 10/18/17-10/18/17 | K. Gray | Check WebAdvisor for course details and Register


Religious and Secular Moral Thought

Dr. Gray will analyze the effects of science, the Renaissance, humanism, and enlightenment thinking on moral philosophy with a special focus on the transition this period reflects from medieval religious thinking to the growth of secular moral thought.

Fee: $27 Registration Fee: $8

DIS-571-E | 11/15/17-11/15/17 | K. Gray | Check WebAdvisor for course details and Register


Contemporary Moral Philosophy

Dr. Gray describes the major approaches to contemporary moral philosophy and provides excerpts from the writings of selected modern thinkers as examples of that diversity and how it results in significant differences on key moral issues today.

Fee: $27 Registration Fee: $8

DIS-572-F | 12/06/17-12/06/17 | K. Gray | Check WebAdvisor for course details and Register


Falling Fortunes: Washington and the New York Campaign of 1776

"We expect a very bloody summer at New York...and I am sorry to say that we are not, either in Men or Arms, prepared for it." These were the words of George Washington to John Augustine Washington on May 31, 1776, prior to the six battles of the New York City (and environs) military campaign of 1776 during the American Revolution. Investigate the major events and outcomes and assess British and Patriot leadership as you discuss each battle. In addition, you'll examine how the campaign transformed both the natural and man-made environment of New York City. Learn about the appearance of the first submarine, the failures of Nathan Hale's espionage mission and the lessons learned from it, as well as British peace overtures. Compare these events to modern-day sites such as Times Square, Columbia University, the New York Public Library, etc. Finally, explore how the campaign offers historical contrast to the mythology of the "Spirit of '76", prevalent today.

Fee: $97 Senior Adult Fee: $57 Registration Fee: $8

DIS-573-C | 09/19/17-10/17/17 | R. Swartz | Check WebAdvisor for course details and Register


Hamilton and Burr

Have you ever wondered how two prominent politicians, Alexander Hamilton and Aaron Burr, found themselves staring down the barrel of each other's gun in a duel in 1804? How did they get here? Who were these men on a personal level, what lives did they lead, and what were there political philosophies? You'll discover the answers to these questions and more as you dive into the political rise and fall of both men and the reasons for their duel, including the Manhattan Company of New York City. You'll also learn the rules of the "code duello" and find out what happened in Burr's post-duel life, including the impeachment trial of Associate Justice of the Supreme Court, Samuel Chase of Maryland, and his trial for treason in 1807.

Fee: $97 Senior Adult Fee: $57 Registration Fee: $8

DIS-575-D | 10/31/17-11/21/17 | R. Swartz | Check WebAdvisor for course details and Register


Ancient Military History

Beginning with the first written accounts of war, you will explore the major battles, wars, weapons, military leaders, and societies of the Ancient World from 2000 BCE to 400 CE. Discuss the land and naval warfare of the ancient Greeks and Romans, plus the significant military moments of ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia, India, and China.

Fee: $107 Senior Adult Fee: $61 Registration Fee: $8

DIS-586-B | 08/17/17-10/05/17 | | Check WebAdvisor for course details and Register